At this point in the semester, my undergraduate class is encountering a concept called “the constitutional ethic.” (The term is an organizing theme of the textbook we are using, written by yours truly and colleague from Minnesota.)
So what do we mean by “constitutional ethic”? How does such an ethic differ from our usual understanding of ethical behaviors–i.e., honesty, truthfulness, adherence to the law? If the constitutional ethic is “over and above” personal ethics, in what way is it more or different? And how can I describe that difference in language that is accessible to undergraduates?
Here’s what I plan to explain to my class:
As we’ve been discussing, the Constitution is the basis of America’s legal system; as it has operated over the years, it has shaped a distinctive value system and legal culture, a framework within which we make policy and operate our common institutions. Elected and appointed officials take an oath to uphold that constitutional system, an oath that implicitly obliges them to understand its most basic and important characteristics. (For example, policymakers need to understand not just that we are a government of checks and balances, but why our system was constructed that way.)
At its most basic, adherence to the Constitutional Ethic requires public officials to act in ways that are consistent with these basic systemic structures, and to avoid acting in ways that would undermine them.
Some examples might “flesh out” the concept.
Respect for due process guarantees would seem to rule out drone strikes on persons–especially but not exclusively Americans–who have not been afforded legal process to determine guilt or innocence.
Respect for government’s obligation to treat citizens equally would seem to rule out efforts to marginalize GLBT people, or refuse them access to the institutional benefits enjoyed by heterosexual citizens.
Respect for one of our most fundamental rights–the right to vote, to participate equally in our democracy–imposes an ethical obligation to refrain from vote suppression tactics of the sort we saw during the last election.
Respect for the principle of free speech, protected by the First Amendment, imposes an ethical obligation to refrain from attempts to censor ideas of which we disapprove.
It really isn’t complicated. It’s just increasingly rare.
9 thoughts on “A Constitutional Ethic”
Didn’t find the name of the book nor the name of your fellow author.
I keep a small copy of the Constitutions and Amendments on my coffee table for quick reference. You must know how often I have had to refer to it these past 4-5 years with the never ending political haggling. The Amendments all seem to be open to interpretation, none set in stone, and it is no wonder there is so much confusion – especially regarding 1st and 2nd Amendments. Our basic rights seem to either be protected or denied depending on the interpretation of individual attorneys and court systems.
The idea that political parties might encourage, much less require, those who run for office to understand any of our political system’s characterisitics is an incredible concept to me.
It’s rare enough that any of the politicians actually uphold their oath of office.
I also agree with varangianguard.
Are you discussing examples like the Cherokee suing the US government, winning (told that they may stay on their land), and then forced to moved by Andy Jackson, resulting in the “Trail of Tears”? Just asking.
This should make you as mad as it did me.
Greed – Taking Advantage of the Already Weakened:
Oh surely you can find a better example just a little bit closer to the present day. Perhaps, the proverbial shoe is stuck too hard on the other foot in this era?
Norm, the textbook is “American Public Service: Constitutional and Ethical Foundations,” and the co-author is David Schultz.
The general meaning of ethics: rational, optimal (regarded as the best solution of the given options) and appropriate decision brought on the basis of common sense. This does not exclude the possibility of destruction if it is necessary and if it does not take place as the result of intentional malice.`.
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